Why might I need a total knee replacement?

Osteoarthritis is a common reason you might need a knee replacement. Osteoarthritis occurs when the cartilage of your knee gradually wears away and is usually a result of ageing. Doctor might recommend a total knee replacement if you have any of the following challenges associated with osteoarthritis:

  • Knee pain that’s so severe that it limits your daily activities
  • Severe pain that occurs even when you’re resting or disturbs your sleep
  • Chronic swelling and inflammation that can’t be relieved with conservative therapies such as medication and rest
  • In severe cases, you may have bowing of your legs which rarely may lead to stress fractures

What causes osteoarthritis of the knee?

Osteoarthritis is sometimes just a natural result of aging. The following factors increase your risk of developing the condition:

  • An injury or trauma to the knee joint in the past
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Genetic propensity
  • Connective tissue disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis

Doctor performs a comprehensive exam, considers your symptoms and activity levels, and reviews imaging tests, such as X-rays and MRIs, to diagnose osteoarthritis and determine if a knee replacement is right for you.

What should I expect during a total knee replacement?

You are administered spiral/epidural anesthesia to undergo total knee replacement.

He removes the damaged portions of the joint and creates a smooth surface on which to fix the implants that are customized to you. He uses a specialized bone cement or screws to attach the custom implants, ensures the new joint slides smoothly.

Following surgery, rehabilitation begin immediately. You’ll be given crutches or a walker to help you walk.

Doctor will also provide you with a continuous passive motion or CPM, machine to passively move your joint. You relax as the machine continually moves your joint through a controlled range of motion.

A physical therapist provides you with an at-home exercise plan to strengthen the muscles around your knee and to continue to improve your range of motion and confidence with your new knee.

If you have pain in your knee when walking, resting, or doing other daily activities because of severe arthritic pain, you may benefit from a total knee replacement. Contact Dr. Harsha C M or book an appointment online to learn more about how this procedure can help you resume your normal activities.